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cbd cop 2021

Background

Pushing for ambition, the EU will negotiate for the following elements of the Framework as a minimum:

The first virtual segment brings ministers around the world together to demonstrate their commitment to achieving the 2050 vision of living in harmony with nature, achieving transformative change across our societies and putting nature on a path to recovery by 2030. The EU, represented at the virtual conference by Commissioner for Environment, Oceans and Fisheries Virginijus Sinkevičius, is leading efforts and working with like-minded partners to achieve an ambitious global agreement to halt biodiversity loss, as set out in the Biodiversity Strategy for 2030.

Biodiversity loss, climate change and environmental degradation are closely interrelated, and their impacts further mutually aggravate the global situation. These crises cannot be solved separately – they need to be tackled together. Biodiversity underpins human and planetary health, economic prosperity and sustainable development. Around the world, forests and other natural ecosystems are being rapidly destroyed, often due to expansion of agriculture and production of commodities like palm oil, soy and beef as the world’s population grows. If too many ecosystems vanish, their basic life support services can falter, scientists warn.

The COP15 summit, together with the climate summit COP26 in Glasgow, are crucial meetings for life on Earth, with existential implications for humankind. The decisions made at the Summits will have long-lasting impacts for companies, economies and societies. With the European Green Deal, Europe is leading by example, creating pathways for a nature-positive, carbon neutral and equitable world.

Originally signed at the Rio Earth Summit in 1992 and later ratified by about 195 countries, the ‘Convention on Biological Diversity’ is designed to protect diversity of plant and animal species and ensure natural resources are used sustainably. It also aims to achieve “fair and equitable sharing” of benefits from natural genetic material, used in everything from medicines to new crop species. The previous global targets to halt biodiversity loss, set in 2002 and 2010, were largely missed.

Nature is under unprecedented pressure. It’s time to tackle the biodiversity crisis with the same urgency as the climate crisis. The two crises are in fact two sides of the same coin. At COP15, the international community will seek to agree on an ambitious global biodiversity framework with strong monitoring to measure progress on the ground. This is a generational task – we must succeed in offering a liveable and thriving planet to future generations.

The key negotiations for the Framework are taking place from 12 to 28 January at meetings of the CBD subsidiary bodies in Geneva.

Following a review of the 2011-2020 Strategic Plan for Biodiversity, it is anticipated that a final decision on the post-2020 global biodiversity framework will be taken. As part of the process to develop the post-2020 framework, an open-ended intersessional Working Group, co-chaired by Francis Ogwal (Uganda) and Basile van Havre (Canada), provides the framework for negotiations.

CBD COP 15 will review the achievement and delivery of the CBD’s Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and pursue a decision on the post-2020 global biodiversity framework, together with decisions on related topics including capacity building and resource mobilization.

The Convention’s other intersessional and subsidiary bodies, including the Working Group on Article 8(j), the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA) and the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI) will address aspects of the post-2020 framework of relevance to their mandates.

11 October – 24 October 2021