“The rate and scale of the research just hasn’t kept pace with the interest at this point. A lot of the medical uses for cannabidiol are backed by animal studies only or really no studies. So that’s where it can be a problem.”
The cannabis plant has hundreds of chemicals in it, including more than 120 cannabinoids, Hill explains. Of those cannabinoids, two are most familiar: THC, which produces the euphoric effects or “high” people experience from marijuana, and cannabidiol or CBD, which has some anti-inflammatory, anti-seizure, anxiety-relieving and analgesic properties, according to Low Dog.
On that note, Hill cautions to know what you’re getting: “If you’re rubbing a CBD cream onto your skin, it’s not going to be absorbed into your bloodstream,” he says. “It can operate as a local anti-inflammatory, like other over-the-counter products… but CBD may not provide any more relief than those products, and it probably will be considerably more expensive.”
So are there side effects?
Despite its relatively recent place in our collective consciousness, CBD has been at work delivering its calming agents as far back as the ‘80s by some estimates and the ancient world by others. With it, an almost endless menu of formulations has emerged—from capsules and oils to lotions and seltzer—each promising an even more effective dose of CBD than the last.
At a plant level, the two chemicals operate as opposites, with CBD acting as a buffer of sorts to the effects of THC. “It’s sort of a ying and yang. THC is responsible for the high and CBD doesn’t do that,” Hill explains.
“Sometimes, you will find extracts called tinctures that use glycerin, vinegar, or oil as the solvent, instead of alcohol,” Low Dog says. “These offer the advantage of being alcohol-free, but may not always offer the same potency as an alcohol-water extract.”
What are tinctures specifically?
CBD tinctures are generally made from high CBD strains of hemp, with 60 to 70 percent alcohol, and are primarily used to help relieve anxiety or ease pain. “Tinctures are convenient, have a long shelf life, and are absorbed easily when taken under the tongue. The dose can be adjusted by increasing or decreasing the number of drops taken,” notes Low Dog.
But first, a little CBD 101…
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We use whole plants, organic corn alcohol and traditional methods of extraction to create our alcohol-based tinctures. These include a higher density of plant particulate, chlorophyll, and by extension, CBD-A, when compared to the MCT tinctures. Because the processing is minimal, these tinctures are economical to produce. The alcohol base delivers CBD to the bloodstream rapidly, so onset is more rapid when compared with MCT oil tinctures.
This extraction follows the same method used in many herbal tinctures. It has the fastest onset results and is best put directly under the tongue, as some evidence shows a faster assimilation in comparison to MCT oil/concentrate based tinctures. If you are new to alcohol tinctures we recommend slightly diluting it in 1oz (or less) of water, as it can be harsh to some people’s mouths. UPDATE: Our latest Maple tinctures and our alcohol-based Nervine Adaptogen tincture are re-formulated with infused glycerine to mitigate the taste. Those seeking the stronger flavor can purchase #2005H or the 2 oz #2008 for the traditional flavor.