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can minors use cbd

This data cannot be extrapolated to children like my clinic patient with other types of epilepsy or other medical conditions. Moreover, mislabeled CBD oil with variable CBD content and the presence of other contaminants could cause harm, particularly to pediatric patients.

Although CBD oil is natural, it still has side effects. Clinical trials have shown that patients taking the FDA-approved, pharmaceutical-grade CBD oil experienced more gastrointestinal issues and sleepiness than patients in the placebo group.

Despite all the attention given to medical marijuana and related products, using CBD oil for most types of epilepsy is unproven and may even cause harm. Given the growing interest from patients and parents, it is important for osteopathic physicians to be aware of the potential dangers of CBD use in kids.

Last year, the FDA approved Epidiolex, a purified, plant-based form of CBD oil, for the specific indication of refractory epilepsy due to Dravet syndrome or Lennox-Gastaut syndrome in children over the age of two. This is the first and only product derived from the marijuana plant to receive FDA approval.

Natural and healthy aren’t the same

In one of the largest trials looking at seizure reduction in patients with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, seven patients had to leave the study due to adverse events.

The 2017 JAMA study found 21% of the CBD oils contained THC. A child taking a CBD oil with a high THC content could become intoxicated and potentially develop significant symptoms and require hospitalization.

As a child neurology resident, I see many patients with seizures. Recently in clinic, I saw a 5-year-old boy with a new diagnosis of epilepsy. Almost immediately, the conversation about treatment options shifted to cannabidiol (CBD) oil, which the family had found online.

Other critical considerations include:

Many patients report anecdotal benefits from taking CBD oil. Currently, there is compelling evidence that pharmaceutical-grade CBD oil can help some children with severe epilepsy syndromes who did not respond to other therapies.

Natural does not mean harmless. Botulinum toxin is one of the deadliest natural poisons in the world, but when botulinum toxin is safely diluted and regulated, it becomes an effective, FDA-approved treatment for various medical conditions.

Can minors use cbd

Mitchell added there are signs CBD might help with anxiety: a symptom that sometimes accompanies autism and A.D.H.D. In a 2018 study of CBD for kids with autism, for example, anxiety improved in more than a third of the 60 patients.

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Similarly, many parents are trying CBD products for children with A.D.H.D., for which there are no reported controlled trials with kids. One small trial on 30 adults with a mouth spray containing both CBD and THC had inconclusive results.

No silver bullets

More Americans are using the hemp (or marijuana) extract on their kids, but experts aren’t sold on its efficacy.

A 2019 Gallup poll found 14 percent of more than 2,500 Americans surveyed use CBD products, mostly for pain, anxiety and sleep problems. Statistics for kids are much harder to come by, but there are Facebook groups with thousands of followers where parents discuss giving CBD to their kids for conditions including the autism spectrum and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. In April, a cannabis-focused magazine published a survey of more than 500 parents and found that 40 percent had given CBD products to their children for behaviors related to the autism spectrum.

Hints of help

That matches Batista’s experience. “My daughter has a beautiful personality; she’s sweet, she’s spunky. I don’t want to medicate her with something that’s going to turn her into a zombie,” she said, referring to parent complaints that some stimulant-based drugs can make their kids seem spacey.

“I’m trying to be very cautious about it,” said Meiri with regards to CBD and autism. “We still don’t have enough research about safety and efficacy.”